(Psychologist, 12 April 1926 – 27 October 2011)
AREA FOR SPECIAL ATTENTION AND WORK
James Hilmann is the founder of the movement concerning Archetypal Psychology. Hilmann says that the psyche has several personifications of which the ego, for example, is only one. His main focus – and this is different from Jung – was on the soul from which fantasy, myth, metaphors etc. arise from. In the analysis of dreams he partly followed Jung by acknowledging that ‘dreams tell us where we are, not where we have to go to’. Hillmann’s approach phenomenological (the ideal and understandable core of the phenomena that a person can immediately grasp in his perception) instead of the analytical (that breaks up the dream in composed parts) and interpretative/ hermeneutical (the interpretation of written text) approach, that makes a dream ‘something different’ than what it appears to be in the dream of the image. His famous quote with regard to the contents of a dream and process is: “Stick to the image”. By using the term ‘archetypal psychology’ critics say that he deliberately tricks everyone; for he actually means ‘imaginal psychology’, since it is founded on Hellmann’s own imagination. Nevertheless, his theoretical ideas about images are important foundations of Jung’s theory and of archetypical images (by the way a term first used by Schopenhauer).
CONTRIBUTION OF HILMANN TO THE PSYCHOLOGY OF EXPERIENCE
Personification with several parts of yourself is an important element in the point of view of the psychology of experience. It is the complex theory of Jung founded on several sources in ourselves as archetypical being.
Film fragment : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VFng0WCJ8X8
Anima: An Anatomy of Personified Notion
The Myth of Analysis: Three Essays in Archetypal Psychology